Symptoms of altitude sickness usually occur within 12 to 24 hours of reaching a higher elevation and usually go away within a day or two. Symptoms include headache, nausea, dizziness, throwing up, fatigue, shortness of breath, faster heart rate, feeling run down, trouble sleeping, and/or loss of appetite. If you aren’t as fit or have certain health problems, the symptoms can last up to a week. If you’re healthy and visit a higher altitude, and within a few days develop symptoms that seem like AMS, it’s best to visit a doctor to see if it is something more serious.
WHAT CAUSES ALTITUDE SICKNESS
Believe it or not, oxygen levels are actually the same at sea level and higher altitudes. As you go up a mountain, the air is thinner. Although the percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere is the same, the thinner air means there is less oxygen to breathe. And each breath delivers less oxygen to the body. Being short of breath when you’re walking around or hiking up a mountain is to be expected. Altitude sickness results from climbing in elevation too quickly by overexerting yourself. To avoid altitude sickness, follow the suggestions below.
If you’re going to be traveling up to a higher altitude, know what steps to take if you or someone you’re with appears to be suffering from altitude sickness. Anyone can suffer from it and sometimes prevention isn’t always effective. Everyone’s bodies react differently to thinner air. If you are having severe symptoms, it is crucial to descend immediately. Painkillers can sometimes help with the headache but don’t treat the condition. Oxygen boost supplements can also help, but the best remedy is always to either acclimate yourself or descend to a lower altitude.